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英国主流媒体公开报道美国与G7其他成员国的巨大分裂

下面是BBC的长篇报道,不仅把默克尔传遍全球的“G7照片”作为压题照,还把特兰普公开与加拿大总理叫板的脸书短信发表出来。
 
川普为了与其他成员国叫板,宁可不发表G7峰会的联合声明,这对G7的国际形象是一个重大打击。自1975年成立以来,G7第一次出现巨大裂痕,我认为不仅仅是贸易保护主义问题,而是G7的历史使命已经基本结束的问题。
 
上世纪美元危机,石油危机,加上冷战,美国非常需要,也必须依靠其他成员国,才能有效驾驭全球经济的稳定,保持西方帝国主义主宰世界政治外交的局面。2008年由美国产生的旷日持久的世界经济危机,让中国成为世界第二大经济体,让印度成为世界第七大经济体,让巴西和俄国也持续了相当一段时间的经济高速发展。
 
由G7组成的三脚架:美国、欧盟、日本,如今已经是美国独脚支撑。因为日本的这一脚早被中国下掉,欧盟自己内部四分五裂,英国脱欧已经使欧盟失去昔日辉煌。美国最近几年强劲复苏,经济总量远超欧元区,已经不需要其他国家一起治理地球,美国当今最大的对手是中国。G2的格局及世界博弈将是全球21世纪的主旋律。
 
其实,美国真的要对付中国,还需要他的六位小兄弟。关键是特朗普不按规则出牌,搞得这些小兄弟无可适从。他们受到美国污染造成的危机打击,也开始不相信美国是他们真心实意的带头大哥,经常与美国对着干。例如,在叙利亚问题,以色列-巴勒斯坦等问题,美欧分歧严重。越是如此,特兰普就越认为小兄弟没有用。
 
这对中国其实也是一种机会。中国处于上升阶段,需要全球化,也愿意搞全球化。连印度都愿意与其劲敌巴基斯坦共同加入由中国、俄罗斯、中亚六国组成的上海合作组织,就可以看到中国对全球的号召力和吸引力。
 
俄罗斯1997年被拉入G7+1, 2014年又被踢出来,心里极为难受。这次,普金到了上合组织,成为中国的“国际友谊奖”首位获得者,他当然义无反顾的脱离G7+1, 投入以中国主导的多边组织。
 
一个分崩离析,名存实亡的西方七国集团,与一个和气团结,具有世界最好发展前途,覆盖人口最多的上海组织形成鲜明对照。
 
世界的政治经济地缘正在产生更加深刻的变化,中国所承受的压力,所必须肩负的世界责任,越来越大,G2之间的博弈将更为精彩和惊心动魄。
 

G7 summit: War of words erupts between US and key allies

英国主流媒体公开报道美国与G7其他成员国的巨大分裂

A war of words has erupted between the US and its G7 allies, hours after the group had put on an apparent show of unity at the end of a tense summit.

US President Donald Trump has continued his personal attacks against Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, tweeting that he "acts hurt when called out".

Germany's Angela Merkel said Mr Trump's decision to reject a joint communique was "sobering" and "depressing".

That statement had sought to overcome deep disagreements, notably over trade.

§  What's happening in this G7 picture?

§  Trump prefers unscripted Kim summit to G7 ritual

In recent weeks, trading partners of the US have criticised new tariffs on steel and aluminium imports imposed by the Trump administration.


An exquisite clash

By Jon Sopel, BBC North America editor

The politics of the old and the politics of the new clashed exquisitely this weekend.

In Quebec at the G7 (the traditional way of doing things) the sherpas, political advisers and draftsmen toiled through two nights to find a form of words that all sides could sign up to.

I left before the end of the summit to embark on a marathon journey from Canada to Singapore.

When I left Quebec all the talk was there would be no agreement. But lo, by the time I landed in Hong Kong to change flights I read that there was a joint communique. Success. Only to see a tweet from Donald Trump a little later rescinding his signature over something Justin Trudeau had said at his news conference. Unbelievable.

§  Jon's full blog post


So how did the latest spat unfold?

In a news conference after the summit, the Canadian leader reasserted his opposition to the US tariffs, and vowed to press ahead with retaliatory moves on 1 July.

"Canadians are polite and reasonable but we will also not be pushed around," he said.

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Trudeau: 'I don't want to hurt American workers'

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Media captionTrudeau: "I don't want to hurt American workers"

Mr Trump responded by tweeting en route to his next summit, in Singapore, that he had instructed US officials "not to endorse the communique as we look at tariffs on automobiles".

He said the move was based on Mr Trudeau's "false statements... and the fact that Canada is charging massive tariffs to our US farmers, workers and companies".

From Singapore itself, he tweeted on Monday morning:

Skip Twitter post 2 by @realDonaldTrump

Fair Trade is now to be called Fool Trade if it is not Reciprocal. According to a Canada release, they make almost 100 Billion Dollars in Trade with U.S. (guess they were bragging and got caught!). Minimum is 17B. Tax Dairy from us at 270%. Then Justin acts hurt when called out!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 11, 2018

Report

End of Twitter post 2 by @realDonaldTrump

His top economic adviser, Larry Kudlow, and trade adviser, Peter Navarro, attacked Mr Trudeau earlier on Sunday news shows.

"He really kind of stabbed us in the back," Mr Kudlow said, while Mr Navarro said: "There is a special place in Hell for any leader that engages in bad faith diplomacy with President Donald J Trump and then tries to stab him in the back on the way out the door."

Canada's Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland responded by saying Mr Trump's argument for imposing tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminium was "absurd and frankly insulting to Canadians".

Mr Trump has cited national security as his reason, telling a news conference on Saturday that "to have a great military you need a great balance sheet".

Canada, she said, is "the closest and strongest ally the United States has had. We can't pose a security threat to the United States and I know that Americans understand that".

Other G7 partners also seemed stunned by Mr Trump's reaction, and pledged to support the communique.

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Who left their mark on President Trump at the G7 summit?

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Media captionWho left their mark on President Trump at the G7 summit?

French President Emmanuel Macron said international co-operation could not be "dictated by fits of anger and throwaway remarks".

"Let's be serious and worthy of our people," a statement from the French presidency said. "We make commitments and keep to them."

What is in the joint communique?

In the communique after the summit in La Malbaie, Quebec province, the group of major industrial nations - Canada, the US, the UK, France, Italy, Japan and Germany - had agreed on the need for "free, fair, and mutually beneficial trade" and the importance of fighting protectionism.

Other agreements reached include:

§  Russia: A joint demand that Moscow "cease with its destabilising behaviour" and withdraw its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad

§  Iran: A pledge to "permanently" ensure Tehran's nuclear programme remains peaceful

§  Climate: An agreement to disagree. The US refused to sign a pledge to implement the Paris climate change accord after Mr Trump announced the US would pull out of the agreement

§  Female education: To provide $2.9bn (£2.2bn; €2.5bn) to fund education for the world's poorest girls and women

Mr Trump's twitter attack on Mr Trudeau came minutes after the communique had been published.

What are the tariffs?

On 1 June, the US imposed a 25% tariff for steel and 10% for aluminium on imports from the European Union (EU), Canada, and Mexico. Mr Trump said the move would protect domestic producers that were vital to US security.

The EU then announced retaliatory tariffs on US goods ranging from Harley-Davidson motorcycles to bourbon. Canada and Mexico are also taking action.

§  A looming row over trade

§  What is a trade war?

§  How allies are retaliating against Trump

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Dairy wars: Why is Trump threatening Canada over milk?

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Media captionDairy wars: Why is Trump threatening Canada over milk?

What is the G7?

It is an annual summit bringing together seven major industrialised nations which represent more than 60% of global net worth between them.

Economics tops the agenda, although the meetings now always branch off to cover major global issues.

Russia was suspended from the group - then called the G8 - in 2014 because of its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.

On Friday, Mr Trump made a surprise call for Moscow to be readmitted but German Chancellor Angela Merkel said other members were against the idea.

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